The US government has recently transferred the control of the internet’s address book to Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). The transfer involves the internet’s domain name system (DNS), which converts the web addresses into the numerical language that the computers can understand.
This plan was under development for many years, ICANN had requested the government to hand over the DNS system to it. The authorities have finally transferred the DNS system to the nonprofit organization, whose parties include technical experts, as well as the officials of the governments and companies.
From now onward, the technology that translates web addresses like morenews(.)pk, google(.)com etc will be fully administered by the ICANN. For more than 20 years, this system was under the control of Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). The IANA’s contract has come to an end and the government has handed the management of the Internet address book to the ICANN.
While some tech analysts suggest that it is a great initiative by the US and it would guarantee the freedom of speech on the Internet, some say that the transfer of DNS to the ICANN could lead to strict countries taking control of the web and these countries would sensor anything that would seem inappropriate to them.
“This transition was envisioned 18 years ago, yet it was the tireless work of the global Internet community, which drafted the final proposal, that made this a reality,” said Stephen Crocker, ICANN’s board chairman and one of the engineers who built the early internet protocols.
“This is a symbolic, but important step in preserving the stability and openness of the internet, which impacts free speech, our economy and our national security,” Ed Black, President & CEO of the Computer & Communications Industry Association, which represents organizations like Google, Amazon, and Facebook, said.